Vancouver is arguably the greenest city in Canada with vast urban green spaces. It’s home to Stanley Park one of the top urban parks in the world rife with wildlife, ancient cedars, and rainforest ecology. It is considered to have the cleanest air than any other city in North America owing to it having been able to reduce greenhouse emissions significantly.
The development of Coal Harbor and False Creek has placed more homes within a walking distance of Vancouver’s central business district. The city has made tremendous efforts to increase walking and biking and reducing automobile traffic.
Vancouver city already has a reputation for being a sustainable city, its energy use consists of 33% renewable. It is still undergoing transformation towards achieving 100% renewable energy consumption.
Considered the capital with green electricity, Calgary derives at least 75% of its electric energy from renewable sources and tops all other Municipalities in Canada in renewable energy use.
The city has made great strides over the years towards ensuring proper sanitation as well as eco-initiatives which are depicted in city’s sparkling rivers and litter-free streets. There was a program initiated in 2007 by the province which outlined ways to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills. In 2010, Calgary pocketed the top spot for the world’s eco-city, and this was based on five factors.
These factors included water availability and drinkability, water removal, air pollution, quality of sewage system and traffic congestion.
Montreal is best known for its bicycle use as a means of transport in Canada. The city is increasing its bicycle paths from 400km to 800 km. And has also introduced a bike program for the public Bixi, within the city. Probably this town understands the importance of the city’s transformation of its energy consumption. Green transport like biking reduces the use of fossil fuels and hence reducing emissions.
In Montreal, green transportation is a great deal, and the city is aiming for a new electric vehicle sharing program by the year 2020. By implementing such an initiative means fewer automobiles on the roads hence quality air and fewer greenhouse emissions.
According to a study of North American cities, Toronto ranks the top city in Canada in its waste management. It boasts of 44% waste recycling rate which is way above the average of 26%.
Regarding both water consumption and distribution leakage. Toronto performs better than average according to the index with a consumption rate of 431 litres of water per person per day.
The city of Toronto also has the lowest carbon dioxide emission levels. It has estimated 7.6 metric tons per capita emissions which are well below the average of 14.5 tons.
Ottawa, the west coast city of Canada. It is known for its environmental quality as it maintains a great percentage of its urban green spaces. It also performs exemplary well on its water quality as well as low air pollution levels.
The city policies have encouraged waste diversion and mandatory composting for both businesses and residents all over the city. Ottawa also has an excellent public transport system and low carbon dioxide emissions.